Intensive monitoring, surveys, and data collection by the University of Central Florida’s (UCF) Dr. Llewellyn Ehrhart (“Doc”) in central and south Brevard County began in 1982 and continues today by the Marine Turtle Research Group, a graduate program under the University of Central Florida. The data collected from 1982 to 1990 influenced the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to establish the Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge to preserve a nesting beach for threatened and endangered sea-turtles.
Ultimately the creation of the Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge (ACNWR) in 1991 by the U.S. Congress was in recognition of the need for long stretches of quiet, undisturbed sandy beaches, with little or no artificial lighting, to ensure the reproductive success and survival of sea turtles.
The refuge is a unique partnership of land owners and managers including U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, State of Florida, Brevard County, Indian River County, Sea Turtle Conservancy, and Hubbs SeaWorld Research Institute.